Forte NewsWe publish periodically

Editorial Snapshot: The deluge in academic publishing: A question of trust and integrity

- C.C., Editor

In this month’s edition, we explore a critical issue that has emerged in the ever-evolving landscape of academic scholarship: the dramatic increase in the volume of academic articles. This trend, signaling robust scholarly activity, also brings forth challenges to the integrity of, and trust in, scientific research.

Some recent findings that we will discuss today, indicate a staggering 47% increase in academic articles since 2016, a growth not paralleled by an increase in the number of researchers. This disparity raises concerns about the quality of published work, indicating a potential deficit in scrutiny.

The heart of the issue lies in the speed of the publication processes. Some publishers, in their rush to print, are reportedly bypassing the thoroughness of peer review. This shortcut not only risks the dissemination of premature or unverified findings but also jeopardizes public trust in scientific outputs. These concerns echo the issue of predatory journals, discussed in November’s newsletter, where the absence of rigorous peer-review and the pressure to publish have led to a surge of research of dubious quality. Such practices, extending beyond academia, can misinform public policy and perception.

It is noted that the rise of “special issues” in journals, traditionally a platform for focused scientific discourse, has been exploited to increase article counts while compromising on review standards. This not only dilutes research quality but also artificially inflates journals’ impact factors through self-citation.

It is thought that addressing this may require a collaborative effort from the academic community to redefine research impact metrics and emphasize quality over quantity. Whatever the case, it seems clear that establishing transparency in publication practices and revisiting peer-review processes are vital steps towards maintaining the integrity of academic publishing. This is all the more true now that we find ourselves in tumultuous waters, with pressing concerns such as the impact of AI looming over the horizon.

Click here for the Japanese version.

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